Articles should consist of 5000-7000 words (excluding figures, tables and references), although high-quality articles which exceed 7000 words will be considered.

All articles must be written in English. If English is not your first language, please ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your article.

Submissions must be formatted in double spacing, preferably in Times New Roman size 12 font. All final papers should be formatted as per the paper template available online.

The text of the article should include the following:

  • title
  • abstract
  • authors
  • references and acknowledgements
  • tables, figure captions and figures
  • keywords

If your article is based on a conference paper which may have been published elsewhere, the submitted article must have been substantially revised, expanded in scope and rewritten. This will be subject to Chief Editor’s assessment and will be based on a comparison of the submitted article with the original conference paper. The original conference paper should be supplied by the author with the expanded article for the purpose of comparison.

If the original conference paper on which the extended paper is based has been published elsewhere, or the copyright has been assigned to the conference organisers or another party, authors should ensure that they have cleared any necessary permissions with the copyright owners. Articles will not be accepted, post-review, for publication unless such written permissions have been provided along with author copyright forms.


Please adhere to following guidelines:

  • Title: as short as possible, with no abbreviations or acronyms.
  • Abstract: approximately 100-150 words, maximum 250.
  • Keywords: not more than 10 words or phrases. Please choose keywords wisely as they are important in online searches
  • Address: name of institution and email address for each author.
  • References and Notes: Ivy Scientific journals use the Harvard (name and date) short reference system for citations in the text with a detailed alphabetical list at the end of the article. For example ‘Lewis (2000) suggests …’ or ‘Monaca and Takeshi (1995) found that …’ or ‘A study of indicators (Goldfinch and Green, 1982) has shown that …’ All works cited in the text should be included in the References section. References should be made only to works that are published, accepted for publication (not merely ‘submitted’), or available through libraries or institutions. Any other source should be qualified by a note regarding availability. Full reference should include all authors’ names and initials, date of publication, title of article, title of publication (italics), volume and issue number (of a journal), publisher and form (books, conference proceedings) and page numbers.
  • Figures: Figures should ideally be black and white, not color, and numbered sequentially. However, if colour is essential to the figure please send a good quality color image. Please place them at the end of the article, rather than interspersed in text. Please prepare all figures, especially line diagrams, to the highest possible resolution and quality.